The Climate Justice Programme pioneered research into historical responsibility for climate change. Read more about the history of this work.
We commissioned the groundbreaking Carbon Majors Research which found that just 90 oil, coal and gas producers are responsible for 63% of Earth's cumulative CO2 emissions (available below).
Read Richard Heede's journal article in Climatic Change (external link).
More and more individuals, communities, organisations and countries are considering climate litigation as 21 years of talks within UNFCCC have resulted in inadequate climate action. Climate litigation has seen tremendous progress worldwide as recent successful cases against governments in the Netherlands, Pakistan and the US show.
Our report 'Climate Justice: The international momentum towards climate litigation' assesses current and pending climate litigation in the light of the Paris Agreement.
Our report “Making a killing – who pays the real costs of big oil, coal and gas” looks at the costs of climate change through extreme events, such as droughts or storms and slow-onset events such as the rising sea levels, and compares it to the profits made by carbon majors in the same periods. To address these disparaties it suggests the “Carbon Levy Project”.
The suggested mechanism would extract a levy from carbon majors for every ton of CO2 emissions caused. The money generated would then be used for the international mechanism for loss and damage, unlocking additional funding to fight climate change and holding those responsible who caused a major part of it.
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